History of Badminton
There is speculation that the game may have originated in Ancient Egypt thousands of years ago. However, from the 5th century BC people in China played a game called ti-jian-zi, which can be directly translated as ‘kicking the shuttle’. This version of the game required players to keep a feathered shuttle from hitting the ground without using hands. It was later renamed chien-tssu. It is debatable whether this game was the origins of the present day sport, however, this was the first game which used a shuttlecock.
Five centuries later, a game called Battledore and Shuttlecock became a popular not only in China, but also in Japan, India and Greece. In this game, the battledore (or paddle) was used to hit the shuttlecock, back and forth. By the 16th century, this version of the game became widespread amongst children in England and the Far East. In France, the game was known as Jeu de Volant. During the 1860’s a similar game called Poona was being played in India, but the game had developed and now had a net and players on opposing sides. British Army Officers who were stationed in Pune (or Poona), India, brought the game back to England. They stayed at Badminton House in Gloucestershire, England as guests at the Lawn party, held by the Duke of Beaufort. Although, this estate is now better known for horse trials and hunting, it is credited as the formal birthplace of badminton and where the modern game derived its name. Within Europe, badminton was viewed as an Upper class pastime and its popularity spread. The first set of rules being written by the Bath Badminton Club in 1877. Standardised rules were devised in 1887. Despite rules being written, the British regarded the sport as amateur, whereas, their Asian counterparts took the sport more seriously, developing professional players in China, Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc. These countries still dominate at badminton as a competitive sport.
The project targets young people and adults from diverse backgrounds, who wish to learn about Badminton and celebrate its rich cultural heritage. This will be achieved through a series of seminars, exhibitions and workshops:-
• Educational resources such as CD-ROM or USB memory sticks and interactive media pack;
• Seminars/discussions on ‘sport leadership’ and the impact it can have on lives;
• Exhibition of the development Badminton equipment; i.e. shuttlecock, art and technology;
• ICT presentations in schools, community centres and youth clubs;
• Coaching and training workshops on the physical game;
• Short documentary film about the roots of Badminton.
• Competitions and tournaments within a community cultural framework;
Badminton Governing Bodies
The Badminton Association of England (BAofE) was formed in 1893. The International Badminton Federation (IBF), now the Badminton World Federation (BWF) was established in the former half of the 20th century. However, it was not until 1992, that badminton gained Olympic status.
Gold, M, (2002). Badminton. UK: Cronwood Press Ltd
Grice, T. (2002). Badminton Steps to Success. USA: Human Kinetics Inc
Nauright, J. Parrish, C. (2012). Sports Around the World: History, Culture and Practice. ABC-Clio. United States.